For nature-lovers out there who wish to experience the ultimate outdoor getaway, the Yellowstone National Park in the US State of Wyoming is the perfect place to visit. With its mountain wild land, exciting hiking trails and natural beauty of steaming geysers, bubbling mud pits and many more, a visit to the park is indeed a one-stop adventure! The National Park stretches over 2 million acres of untouched territory waiting to be explored by adventurous and nature-loving tourists and locals. It is considered to be the oldest, largest and most popular National Park in the continental United States and offers so much scenic and scientific interest in one area.
If you’re planning on visiting the park, Exploring the Wonders of the Yellowstone National Park gives you a short overview of what to expect when travelling to the park. Check them out!
1. Black Sand Basin
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Composed of several small fragments of black obsidian sand which cover portions of the basin, the Black Sand Basin is popular for its small collection of jewel-like geysers and colorful hot springs. Among the most popular attractions in the area is the Emerald Pool with its deep emerald green fringed by an outer ring of yellow and orange and the Cliff Geyser with its cliff-like wall of geyserite that forms around the crater.
2. Midway Geyser Basin
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Found alongside the Firehole River, the Midway Geyser Basin is regarded as one of the much smaller basins found in the area. Two of its most popular and largest areas are the 200-by-300-foot-wide Excelsior Geyser which pours over 4,000 gallons per minute and the 370-foot-wide and 121-foot-deep Grand Prismatic Spring, which is considered to be the largest hot spring in Yellowstone.
3. Firehole Falls
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The Firehole Falls is a waterfall that is located within Firehole Canyon on Firehole Canyon Drive, a one-way road that parallels the main Madison Junction to Old Faithful road.
4. Grand Canyon
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Regarded to be the primary geologic feature in the Canyon District, the Grand Canyon measures 20 miles long from the Upper Falls to the Tower Fall area. The canyon was formed by erosion rather than by glaciation which makes it a truly breathtaking sight to see.
5. Hayden Valley
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Centrally located in the park, the Hayden Valley is the first place to visit if you wish to see wildlife in Yellowstone. The valley contains fine-grained lake sediments that are now covered with glacial till that were left from the most recent glacial retreat about 13,000 years ago.
6. Lamar Valley
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Home to bison, elk, coyote, grizzly and wolf, the Lamar Valley is a must-see area in the Park for those who are into wildlife. Aside from this, the valley is also abundant for fishing opportunities.
7. Lower Geyser Basin
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Scattered over a fairly large area, the Lower Geyser Basin is an amazing area in the park that features regularly-erupting geysers, hot springs, and a fascinating mud pool that never misses to surprise tourists who are visiting. One of the popular features in the Lower Geyser Basin is the Fountain Paint Pot with its very pretty hot pools, steaming fumaroles and erupting geysers.
8. Mammoth Hot Springs
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The Mammoth Hot Springs is a large complex of hot springs, created over thousands of years as hot water from the spring cooled and deposited calcium carbonate. The location of springs and the rate of flow that changes daily is the reason why there is a rapid shifting activity of the hot springs.
9. Norris Geyser Basin
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Regarded to be the oldest, the hottest and the most dynamic of the thermal areas in Yellowstone, the Norris Geyser Basin’s condition change daily. The three areas of the basin are: Porcelain Basin, Back Basin, and One Hundred Springs Plain.
10. Old Faithful
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The Old Faithful is the most popular attraction in Yellowstone. First-timers are invited to watch this famous geyser erupt spectacularly. An eruption of the geyser lasts for about 1 1/2 to 5 minutes, expels 3,700 – 8,400 gallons (14,000 – 32,000 liters) of boiling water, and reaches heights of 106 – 184 feet (30 – 55m).
11. Tower Fall
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Tower Fall is a 132-foot drop of Tower Creek that is easily the most recognizable natural feature in the district. The falls is approximately 1,000 yards (910 m) upstream from the creek’s confluence with the Yellowstone River.
12. West Thumb
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Located in a larger caldera, the West Thumb is a geyser basin located on the edge of, and partially submerged by, Yellowstone Lake. The area is primarily composed of hot springs and hydro-thermal vents along the bottom.