Giza is known for the Pyramids built around 2584 BC. The pyramids were erected on a rocky plateau on the west bank of the Nile River in northern Egypt. It has been listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is the only remaining of the wonders still in existence today. A popular tourist destination, the Pyramids of Giza has been attracting tourists around the world because of its representation to the archetypal pyramid structures of ancient Egyptian civilization and has been the iconic image of Egypt. There are 3 main pyramids in Giza, namely the Pyramid of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure, all of whom were the names of kings the pyramids were built for.
Ever been intrigued by this Ancient Wonder? Check out this Highlights of The Pyramids of Giza and learn some interesting stuff about the pyramids and its history. Enjoy!!!
Table of Contents
1. Great Pyramid of Khufu (or Cheops)
Image By: Alexey Kirillov
The Great Pyramid of Khufu is considered to be the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in Giza. According to studies, Khufu – son of Snefru and second ruler of the 4th dynasty – has nslaved his people to build his pyramid. The pyramid has three burial chambers:the first is underground, carved into bedrock; the second, the queen’s chamber; and the third is the king’s chamber, which held a red granite sarcophagus placed almost exactly at the center of the pyramid.
2. Pyramid of Menkaure
Image By: Quing Obillos
Considerably smaller than the rest of the Great Pyramids, the Pyramid of Menkaure had an original height of 65.5 metres (215 feet) and was built with limestone and granite. Like all pyramids, the Pyramid of Menkaure was built to serve as the tomb of the fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Menkaure.
3. Queen’s Pyramids
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Within the complex of the Great Pyramid of Khufu are the 3 satellite pyramids popularly called as the Queen’s Pyramid. These pyramids were named by scholars as G1a: Queen Hetepheres, G1b: Queen Meritites and G1c: Queen Henutsen, respectively.
4. The Great Sphinx
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A limestone statue of a reclining or couchant sphinx, the Great Sphinx is regarded to be the oldest and the biggest statue that has ever been built in Ancient Egypt. Generally believed to represent the face of the Pharaoh Khafra, the Great Sphinx is a combination of the body of a crouching lion with the head of a human, clad with the nemes headdress and adorned with a uraeus, both typically royal emblems.
5. Pyramid of Khafre
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Khafre, to whom the pyramid was built for, was the son of Khufu and his pyramid was the second-tallest and second-largest of the ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza. The pyramid has 2 known chambers: the subterranean, carved into the very bedrock, and the other has its floor carved into the bedrock while its upper walls and ceiling pierce into the base of the pyramid.
Get a glimpse of some amazing snapshots of the pyramids in Egypt!!!